Hand Tool Headlines
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A long post continued: The evolution of hand tools in my personal work life fascinated me only in the development of metal being mated to wood in the making of tools. Finding my first genuine Indian arrowhead lost in the wildness of the Texas Hill Country made me aware that the arrowhead wasn’t lost but […]
About eighteen months ago I contracted with Popular Woodworking magazine to write a pile of articles, and the final one of that batch was featured on the cover of the current issue.
This article was the feature on Jim Moon’s recreation of the HO Studley tool cabinet and workbench, which was indeed masterful.
The image of that new treasure has been popping up in disparate places. It deserves the widest possible dissemination.
This Saturday, Dec. 9, will be the last day the Lost Art Press storefront will be open for 2017 (our next open day will be Jan. 13, 2018). So if you need holiday gifts or something with a personal signature, this is the best and last day to get them.
That same evening, Dec. 9, we’re throwing a book release party for Mary May, author of “Carving the Acanthus Leaf” and George Walker, one of the authors of “From Truths to Tools.” Both authors will give brief presentations, and then they’ll be happy to answer your questions and sign books. Lost Art Press will supply drinks and light snacks. The free event is 7 p.m. to 10 p.m. on Saturday and is just about filled up. We still have a few places left – you can register here.
If you haven’t been to the storefront in a while, there is a lot of progress to see. The Horse Garage is nearing completion, and we’re setting up the Covington Mechanical Library in the back room for reading and research.
We’ll also have lots of blemished books and tools for sale at 50 percent of retail (cash only). We also have the “Big Bag of Free T-shirts” for you to dive into. Recently I culled my collection of woodworking T-shirts (from all over the world). Come and get as many as you like to wear or to cut them up for rags.
As always, we are happy to answer any of your woodworking questions during these events. Megan Fitzpatrick and Brendan Gaffney (from Popular Woodworking Magazine) will also be there to help out. Here’s a map to the storefront:
Hope to see you there.
— Christopher Schwarz
Filed under: Lost Art Press Storefront, Uncategorized
Sigh…. It seems that anytime I write a post this year, I have to start with the disclaimer of why I haven’t posted for X number of months. Life gets busy. I finished this rabbit hutch project in April, but still haven’t managed to put the final few posts together. I think I need to just buckle down and write a couple of posts.
I spent the summer restoring an old fishing boat and an RV that I bought at the beginning of 2017. It was a lot of work (cleaning, polishing, caulking), but nothing really woodworking related other than a RV dining table that had to be rebuilt. Even if I had photographed the process, its clear from my inability to finish the rabbit hutch series, that I would now be sitting on a bunch of images that would also not be in blog post form.
My last post was in July, so I fully understand if you had completely forgotten that I ever started a rabbit hutch series. In fact, It would be far more surprising if you actually remembered. In any case, let’s get back to where I left off….
The rabbit hutch project is finally looking like a rabbit hutch. I got a lot done in the last post, but the hutch still doesn’t have a roof. Time to remedy that.
You can see the earlier posts in this series here:
- The Rabbit Hutch – Part 1 (Front frames and doors)
- The Rabbit Hutch – Part 2 (Sidewalls)
- The Rabbit Hutch – Part 3 (Carcase assembly)
- The Rabbit Hutch – Part 4 (Floor frames)
- The Rabbit Hutch – Part 5 (General Assembly)
- The Rabbit Hutch – Part 6 (Poop Drawers)
In the last post, I made the pull out drawers that I hope will make cleaning out the hutch easier. Now the hutch needs a roof. This thing is getting heavy, so the roof needs to be removable. Lets get started:
I milled some Douglas fir and cut it into a trapezoidal shape. I can’t remember the exact angle (it’s been nearly a year), but lets estimate 10-15°. Either way, the angle here needs to match the pitch of the roof. The front and back pieces are trapezoidal, the sides are square.
I figured that I would join the pieces with some chunky dovetails. Overkill? Sure, but what about this rabbit hutch hasn’t been?
I used my twin tail vises and bench dogs as clamps for the glue-up.
The main part of the roof is made of ⅝” plywood. The Doug Fir frame that I just made is to stiffen the plywood and to serve as a fascia. I suppose the plywood could have been attached directly to the top of the Doug Fir, but I thought it better if it were installed with screws and glue in a rabbet. Nice and neat.
I had to make multiple passes with the trim router to remove such a large rabbet.
The plywood was attached to the frame with glue and screws. After that, it was time for a quick test fit.
I gave the roof several coats of good exterior paint and then the next step was to install some 30 lb roofing felt (tar paper) and a meal drip edge.
Roofing indoors was a wholly new experience . I never thought I’d be using my bench like this when I built it.
Wow… I found that this thing was really heavy when I went to remove it from the bench. I had to get a neighbor to help me move it. I set it outside where it can wait for final installation.
Time to turn my attention to building a ramp that the rabbits will be able to use to go from the lower to upper sections of the hutch.
The ramp was really simple. Two rails made from Doug Fir and rabbeted to receive a ¼” plywood surface. I added glue and brad nails, and then used my holdfasts and cauls to apply clamping pressure.
When I made the upper poop drawer, I mis-measured where the opening for the ramp sat. This meant that I had to notch the edge of the ramp to allow the drawer to fully close.
The critters will need something for their feet to grip when using the ramp so that I doesn’t become a slide. I accomplished this by cutting a ton of little pieces and gluing them on.
Fantastic, we’re nearly there. The last part of my plan was to make a small insulated box that the critters can go inside of in the worst of the cold weather. In the wild, they’d be able to burrow underground to escape the worst of the cold and wind, so it seems only fair that I give them something similar in this hutch.
In the next post, I’ll make the insulated box.
– Jonathan White
|I would have prefer making one but I have time constraints|
|I'm going to finish this|
|can't chop them yet|
|#6 is done - port side glamour shot|
|starboard side shot|
|the before pic|
|stopped when I got an end to end shaving|
|one corner fitted but it's looser than what I would like|
|dry fit is a frog hair too big|
|glued with the rapid fuse|
|got the last of the pins chopped|
|been over an hour|
|checking the fit off the saw|
|this is what happens when you saw with one eye|
|first corner dry fitted|
|I was moving the knife wall|
|tails aren't fully seated|
|other end of the board is cupped|
|got 99% of it clamped out|
|this one is tight too and will get a shave job|
|it will be a pain in the arse|
|the cupping is working against me here|
|the saws fit|
A good day in the shop spite of the peeper hiccups.
Did you know it takes about 8 minutes for light from the sun to reach the earth?
Student i Tradisjonelt bygghandverk; Kai Johansen på Stiklestad har i starten hatt litt problem med å finne skottbenkar for registrering i Nord-Trøndelag. Det viste seg snart at dei har berre gått litt under radaren til studentane og Egge museum har minst tre skottbenkar i samlinga. Her følgjer tekst og bilete frå Kai:
Da vi skal fokusere på høvler, høvelbenker og skottbenker tredje året av studiet, sendte jeg ut en forespørsel til museene som er konsolidert med Stiklestad om skottbenker. Det gikk ikke lange tiden før Bodil Østerås på Egge museum kunne fortelle at de hadde en skottbenk stående oppe i utstillingen i masstua. Jeg ble svært interessert, og spurte litt nærmere om hun var sikker? Bodil hadde full oversikt over, både hvordan skottbenken så ut, og hvordan den skulle brukes. Dette er ikke vanlig kost i museumsverden, men det store opplysningsarbeidet som Norsk Skottbenk Union har drevet de siste årene har kanskje virka også på museene? Jeg tok først en tur i magasinet og kikket etter høvler som kunne ha vært i bruk sammen med skottbenker. Der fant jeg noen not- og fjærhøvler, men ingen skottokser.
Da jeg kom på Masstuloftet var det ikke mindre enn 3 skottbenker, en ferdig oppsatt klar til bruk, en med bare bukkene og en til å skyte tønnestaver. Bodil kunne fortelle at det var 4 treff i primus hos dem på skottbenk, men ingen foto kom opp på datamaskinen. Så her er helt klart mer å hente for dokumentasjon og oppmåling, man må bare lete litt.
Jeg vil foreløpig konsentrere meg om skottbenken som var ferdig oppsatt. Den er laget av tre ulike treslag, bjørk, furu, og gran. Bjørk i skruen (2 tomms), tappen som holder bena sammen og kilen, og en sliteplate som skruen presser mot når skruen strammes til. Det er furu i føttene og gran i langbordene. Lengden på benken er 381 cm eller 146,5 tommer, bredden på langborden e er 7 tommer, tykkelsen er 1 3/4tommer. Disse to plankene er i gran. Høyden på føttene er 75,5 cm eller 29″ tommer.
Her er det som museet har skrevet om skottbenken:
«Magasin nr: STM 04036
Redskap for å feste panelet i, ved høvling. Den har to kraftige treskruer for å presse sammen/ feste gulv (bord) plankene under høvling. Denne skottbenken stod tidligere i Beitstad, Moen. Tidligere eier er Mikal Opdal. Han hadde benken da han begynte som husmann under Opdal i Beitstad. Husmannskontrakten ble skrevet under i 1877.»
En del av sporene etter oppmerking er bevart flere steder på skottbenken, og all oppmerking er gjort med blyant. Det er boret et hull i ene langbordet ca 1″ tomme i diameter, ca 60 cm fra ene foten, men ikke gjennom planken ca 1″ tomme inn i planken. Det var også noen spiker oppå plankene usikker på hvilken funksjon de har hatt.
Jeg har nå vært en tur tilbake på Egge og kikket nærmere på skottbenken da det var noen mål og detaljer som var litt uklar. Første erfaring jeg vil kommentere er at hvis man jobber på millimeter papir og tegner i målestokk så er det mye enklere å ta alle mål i millimeter, nå prøvde jeg å kombinere oppmålingen med norske tommer og så overføre det til millimeter for så å gjøre det om til rett målestokk, det var tungvint. Hvis man tegner uten mm papir kan man godt jobbe i norske tommer. Her er oppdatert tegning av skottbenke n med litt fler detaljer rundt det faste bordet .
Det var særlig detaljer rundt innfestningen av det faste bordet som var interessant. Den var lagd på en helt annen måte enn den andre skottbenken hvor al l innfestning var gjort med mye spiker og en tapping i bordet. Her var det lagt en lask på baksiden og tappet både i bordet, foten og i lasken, hver lask hadde i tillegg til fire spiker en tre plugg og merket med X og / . jeg tolket disse symbolene som merking i byggeprosessen.
Jeg hadde en avtale med Bodil Østerås om å låne benken til studiesamlingen i desember og lurte litt på hvordan jeg skulle få den ned den smale loftstrappa, eller hvordan hadde snekkeren fått opp all materialene han skulle høvle, det hele virket litt tungvint. Det var ikke her skottbenken hadde stått når den hadde vært i bruk, men den virket jo litt tungvint å flytte på samtidig.
Det var først når jeg var ferdig med å dokumentere at skottbenken åpenbarte en vel gjennomtenkt finesse. Det løse bordet løftet jeg av og fikk ned, men s å var det det faste og to føtter, når Per Steinar tok i benken løftet bordet seg litt og vi skjønte at det ikke var så fast som vi trodde. Den lille trepluggen kunne dras ut og bordet var helt løst fra føttene, noe som gjorde flyttingen svært enkel, «satan de tænkt nu på aillt».
Så konklusjonen må vel være at det er viktig å komme tilbake til åstedet og ta en ekstra kikk og tenke litt gjennom hvordan har dette objektet vært i bruk hvordan har de som brukte det transportert det.
This is hilarious, please watch it till the end, but it’s also true. This isn’t a Lie Nielsen promotion just try to see the bigger picture.
Got pets and need to trap mice in your house?
Dog-friendly, less mess and cleanup, more efficient, the Mousieleum is a better mouse trapping environment. Read about it here.
This calendar year has been all about gutting, rebuilding and setting up the Horse Garage, which will store wood and a few machines that I use for processing stock. For 2018, the major project will be setting up a mechanical library in the area formerly known as the storeroom.
Today, Brendan Gaffney and I took the first step on this project by moving all of the book inventory, furniture parts and shelving to the basement below the shop.
I’ve been waiting months for the humidity level in the basement to reach a tolerable level for books and furniture parts. Earlier this year, we dug out the basement floor about 18”, installed French drains and a sump pump and concreted the place. At the time, the humidity levels down there matched the outdoors (or a little higher).
About two weeks ago, the humidity level in the basement began to match the humidity in my shop upstairs.
Tomorrow, I’ll start moving the bulk of my woodworking book collection to our library area. When I run out of shelf space, my plan is to build an entire floor-to-ceiling bank of bookshelves on the blank north wall of the building.
I hope that task will be easier than gutting a building and rebuilding the Horse Garage. But I’ve been wrong before.
The goal of the mechanical library is amorphous for now. There are plenty of excellent mechanical libraries out there (Winterthur and American College of the Building Arts are two wonderful ones that I have visited). But the mechanical societies of the 18th and 19th centuries had other functions that were social and educational. So I’m letting things fall into shape as the community of Covington and our storefront get on their feet.
— Christopher Schwarz, editor, Lost Art Press
Personal site: christophermschwarz.com
Filed under: Lost Art Press Storefront, Uncategorized
I think there are three criteria for judging your woodworking as an amateur:
- enjoyment experienced
- projects completed
- skills developed or improved
- Stop buying tools and spend more time developing skills with the ones I already have. I am sometimes like the golfer who thinks he is one club away from being really good. It would be better for him to work on his swing. I have more than enough tools and really should go a year without buying any, not even one. Just like the golfer who should spend less time playing and more time on the practice tee, I need to step away from projects more and just work on skills.
- Focus on my weakness. Here in Portland, we are soccer crazy and we have a superb player whose glaring weakness is his left foot. It makes him much easier to defend and sometimes keeps him from making the most of opportunities. Why doesn't he spend the offseason focusing on it? Because it isn't a lot of fun to work on your weakness and he has learned to compensate with acceptable results. Same thing in woodworking. My worst weakness is finishing and it shows. The fact that I dislike it a lot is both cause and effect.
- When something is almost but not quite right, stop and figure out why. To continue with the soccer analogy, some players make good entry passes that sometimes work out but great passes would unzip the defense and make a huge difference. Good enough is not good enough. A clear example from my woodworking is a mortise and tenon joint that almost but doesn't quite fit. I tell myself I can close it up with a clamp or by drawboring. Sometimes it works and sometimes it almost works.
After I got to the ER the nurse took my vitals and listened to me babble about my eye problem. She did a visual acuity test with one eye covered and I could barely read the 3rd line with either eye. With both eyes I could make out 5 of the six blurry letters on the 4th line. The doc put some dye in my eye and checked for a corneal abrasions and found none. He seemed to think that I had sawdust in it. But I told him that I didn't feel anything foreign in my eyes.
I was lucky in that no one came to the ER with a problem worse than mine. It still took over 3 hours before I was able to go home with a diagnosis of pink eye. The doc said I should see an improvement in my eye come monday and if not to go to the eye clinic. I know that my eye felt a lot better after the first warm face cloth I put on it.
A quick update on Miles's toolbox. I was shooting to get everything for it by his birthday (Dec 9th) but that is not going to happen. I have all the major tools except for a 10" brace and a set of bits. I also need a #1 and #2 square drive screwdriver and a 4" sliding square. One last optional tool I'm thinking of getting is a fractional dial caliper which I find handy to have.
I found the brace (several) but the set of jennings is proving harder to find. They are not that plentiful now that I'm looking for a set. Does anyone know of anyone that makes/sells a set today? (Note:Checked the WWW and to my surprise found a few sites that sell new and vintage ones.)
|started this friday night|
The saw till box won't be done this weekend along with any of the tool rehabs. When I put the medicine in my eye, I'm basically blind for a while. I can't see well enough with one eye to do anything that requires sight. I can still pick my nose and scratch my butt and my goofy looks don't seem to be effected. Needless to say a lot didn't get a lot done in the shop in today.
|this didn't work|
|got my big MOXON|
|doesn't look any better in the bigger moxon|
|3 gold stars for both|
This was it for today. It was real strain doing what little work I got done today. I knew I was going to fall behind so I did what I could. Maybe tomorrow I'll be able to do a bit more.
Did you know that Walt Disney provided the voice for Mickey Mouse?
I took an hour off of my busy schedule on Friday to spend time at an auction preview. It was there that this question came to mind.
Many of you know and understand the question but for those who might not, let me provide some background information.
The product of this imagined unholy coupling is below:
Description: 1950s, bentwood beech frame, stitched leather back and seat with underside straps, unmarked.
This lot has sold for $1,600.
This auction featured more of what many call Modern Furniture or, in New York, Mid-Century Modern.
Description: 1960s, Norway, manufactured by Nesjestranda Mobelfabrik, teak crest rail/arms with finger joint, ‘Y’ formed back splay tapers into the turned rear spindle, black naugahyde seats on rounded tapered legs.
This lot has sold for $4,400.
Description: For J.L. Moller Mobelfabrik, Denmark, 1960s, top with banded edge and two pull-out extension leaves, on rounded tapered legs, labeled.
This lot has sold for $2,200.
Description: Herman Miller, Zeeland, Michigan, models 670 and 671 in black leather with black painted steel and aluminum swivel bases, labeled.
This lot has sold for $3,600.
Description: Designed by Mark Goetz circa 2000, molded walnut veneer frame with black leather upholstery, loose cushions raised on aluminum legs, unmarked.
This lot has sold for $2,600
Description: Early 20th century, beech, including a circular table with eight turned legs, ball finials, circular stretcher, and four arm chairs with flat single piece bent crest rail/arm, triple bent-rail back support, oval bent wood arm supports on eight turned legs with repeating bent wood stretcher, later velvet upholstery.
This lot has sold for $2,000.
Description: Baker, contemporary, hammered and patinated iron frame with stitched black leather upholstery, labeled.
This lot has sold for $550.
Description: Finland, 2003, model 400 chair in bentwood birch with Zebra style upholstery, together with an Artek circular side table, labeled.
This lot has sold for $2,300.
The Best of Everything calls to ask if he can hire me to consult on his workbench build. And, if we get along personally, he would like to fly me to his shop so we can build the bench together.
Me: I have young children and a day job with little vacation. I can’t really do that, but I’ll be happy to help you (for free) like I do all our readers via email.
The Best of Everything decides to fly to Cincinnati, meet me for lunch, look over my workbenches and pick my brain about his design ideas.
Question No. 1, of course, is wood selection. His first choice: tiger maple from Irion Lumber Co. He shows me some photos from the website. I tell him it’s beautiful stuff, but that he might get a little nauseated staring at it all day. And it’s a bench. It’s going to get beat up and dirty. I recommend plain rock maple.
His second choice: purpleheart. My response: It’s dark and difficult to work – it’ll be hell on your tools. Plus, a light-colored workbench (such as rock maple) is much easier to work at in my experience. Setting your tools against the light background of a benchtop is much easier than against a dark wood.
Choice No. 3: Ipe.
Me: Really? Ipe? That’s not a wood. That a metal that once fondled some wood grain. And it’s dark. And it’s a pain in the butt to work – like purpleheart, but worse.
His final choice: Cuban mahogany – an old stash he’s located at a lumberyard. It’s the least objectionable of his other choices, so I say: OK, kinda?
Next up are the vises. He wants a vise for every corner of the bench: A Benchcrafted Glide on one corner, a Lie-Nielsen tail vise on one end, an Emmert patternmaker’s vise on one back corner and a Benchcrafted end vise on the final corner.
Me: May I ask why?
The Best of Everything: I can’t make up my mind about which vises are better, so I decided to get them all. I do have one question, however: Is there any brand that’s better than Benchcrafted that I should be considering instead? Something from Germany or Japan perhaps?
Me: No, there’s nothing better in my experience.
The Best of Everything: I also want six rows of dog holes on 3” centers all along the length of the benchtop.
Me: May I ask why?
The Best of Everything: I’ll be able to hold anything then, no matter its size or shape.
Me: No one needs that many dog holes.
The Best of Everything: I think it will also reduce wood movement in the bench because all areas of the bench will be exposed to the atmosphere.
Me: Aren’t you worried that dust, tools, screws and the like will fall into these holes?
The Best of Everything: Not at all. Every hole will have its own dog.
The discussion turns to the cabinet he’s going to build below the bench. (“I don’t recommend those,” I say.) The drawers will have Blumotion slides, and all the tools will be French-fitted with custom-cut foam. Do I have any recommendations on foam?
“Kaizen Foam,” he says, “is so coarse.”
I look up Kaizen Foam on my phone to see what the hell it is. He starts talking about getting his Benchcrafted vises chrome-plated. Oh look, I find a cat video on my phone….
— Christopher Schwarz, editor, Lost Art Press
Personal site: christophermschwarz.com
Next up: Workbench Personality No. 5: Frank Sinatra
Filed under: Uncategorized, Workbenches
I’ve been quiet for a while, enjoying the serenity of the craft. It’s difficult taking photos and then trying to figure out how to put them into words that will be easy to understand. I know this will fall into place only after several years of continuous writing.
You can’t rush knowledge to gain experience and I was reminded today when I returned to the moulding plane build. I took out the no.4’s I wrote about in Issue III.
I didn’t notice it earlier and I guess that’s the curse of distraction that the body of the round was thicker than a 1/4″. It being thicker, it planed a hollow that was all wonky looking, out of shape. To fix it all I did was plane down the chamfer on the blindside. Without a chamfer the plane could not reach into the corner of a moulding.
Now it’s planed to the correct thickness, both planes now mate perfectly together.
Skill is the final frontier we are trying to reach, but without knowledge you’ll never put it into practice to gain the experience and experience comes only through repetition followed by skill. This is not an overnight process, it takes years to gain true knowledge, experience and skill. So if you’re frustrated with joints not being gap free or sawing not perfectly plumb, don’t be. It’s normal and part of the learning process. Remember, you first crawled before you walked and then finally ran. Give it time and allow nature to run its course. Don’t give up and don’t be like that stingy guy Christopher Schwarz wrote about on his blog.
Take care. Peace
North Bros. Mfg. Co. Manufacturers Of Hardware Specialities, Yankee Tools, Ice Cream Freezers, Etc. 1914
Letterhead: NORTH BROS. MFG. CO., MANUFACTURERS OF HARDWARE SPECIALITIES, "YANKEE" TOOLS, ICE CREAM FREEZERS, ETC. , Office & Works, N. E. Cor. American st. & Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, PA. December 1st, 1914.
An unusual full width graphic letterhead. With this modern letterhead, North Bros. was intent on showing that they had moved on from 19th C influences. Even so, they retained a vignette of a factory with tall chimneys billowing smoke. Sold to Myers Hdwe, Col, Lexington, Va. R. Carter & Co. of New York, as the wholesaler, arranged for replacement steel balls for a Yankee #41 Drill, supplied free of charge
Nicholson File Company. Billhead, Price List and Toolemera Press Trade Catalog Reprint of the 1878 Full Line Catalog
Letterhead: NICHOLSON FILE COMPANY. OPERATING FOUR DISTINCT PLANTS. Providence, R.I., U.S.A., March 9, 1896. Letterhead to Messrs. Henry H. Myers & Sons, Lexington, Va. Graphics of all four plants in all their smoking glory
Price Lists: Nicholson Swiss Pattern Files, also Tools and Specialities. Nicholson File Company, Providence, R.I., U.S.A. Nicholson Files, Increment Cut... Nicholson File Company, Providence, R.I., U.S.A.
both, 1889. Files and rasps get a bad rap. People think of them as poor seconds for shaping stuff. They're seen as 'cheaters' for when you can't get a joint right, or make a mistake that needs to be corrected. Files and rasps are anything but. Essential tools that should be in every mechanicks tool chest, they are the intermediate step in shaping wood, plastic or metal. Don't leave home without them.
Toolemera Press Reprint - History Preserved
A Treatise On Files And Rasps, Descriptive And Illustrated: For The Use of Master Mechanics, Dealers, &c.; In Which The Kinds Of Files In Most Common Use, And The Newest And Most Approved Special Tools Connected Therewith Are Described - Giving Some Of Their Principle Uses. With A Description Of The Process Of Manufacture, And A Few Hints On The Use And Care of The File. The Nicholson File Company, Providence, Rhode, Island U.S.A. 1878
"The Nicholson File Company has now been in existence for upwards of fourteen years, during which time they have permanently introduced their goods into every section of this, and to some extent into other countries, against the strongest possible prejudice in favor of hand made files; their product being now double that of the entire imports of foreign files into this country." The Toolemera Press re-publishes classic books and trade catalogs on early crafts, trades and industries, from our personal library.
Trade Catalog: New York Mallet & Handle Works. 1877. Some one had to make the mallets and the handles to be used to make the tools that made the tools. Lots of fascinating tools in here we tend to take for granted. An early catalog in surpringingly good condition.
Billhead: THE NEW LONDON VISE WORKS, MANUFACTURERS OF SOLD BOX VISES AND HEAVY HARDWARE. Joseph Hyde, Sons & Co., Proprietors. New Londgon, Conn. June 15, 1897
Sold to H. H. Myers. Lexington, VA. Very interesting graphic of a so-called blacksmith leg vise which has a provision for a foot actuated tightening mechanism.
Chas. Morrill Manufacturers Of Liquid Soap Dispensers, Nail Pullers, Box Openers, Seal Presses, Bench Stops, Saw Sets, Punches. Trade Catalog and Billhead
Billhead: CHAS. MORRILL, MANUFACTURER OF LIQUID SOAP DISPENSERS, NAIL PULLERS, BOX OPENERS, SEAL PRESSES, BENCH STOPS, SAW SETS, PUNCHES. 100 Lafayette St. New York. Oct. 8, 1913. How's that for variety in manufacturing? Perhaps best known for his saw sets, Mr. Morrill obviously believed in diversification of his product line. Sold to Myers Hardware, Lexington, Va.
Trade Catalog: Morrill Product line,c1912 including saw sets and soap dispensers.